- Observation (Darshan): This is an evaluation of the patient by observing the patient. There are hundreds of key indicators that an Ayurvedic Physician may observe the patient’s movements and physical appearance to investigate the imbalance.
- Palpation or touch (Sparsha): Touch includes palpation (pressing down on parts of the body called sparshanam in Ayurveda), auscultation (listening to sounds made by the internal organs or shrvanaa in Ayurveda) and percussion or tapping (akotana in Ayurveda). There is a focus on pulse and tongue diagnosis and other diagnostic methods which include sound observation in which breathing and the function of the stomach and bowel can be observed.
- Questions (Prashna): This takes up the majority of the consultation and involves investigation of the main complaint, symptoms and pathogenesis of the disorder as well as personal history. Patients will be greatly assisted by providing psychological, physical and lifestyle and nutrition information to the doctor.
How the Ayurvedic Physician decides on treatment.
An Ayurvedic diagnosis and subsequent treatment differ from modern, Western processes. In Ayurveda the diagnosis is made at both the disease level (called Roga in Ayurveda) and also the patient level (called Rogi in Ayurveda). The Ayurvedic diagnosis (called Rogi-roga Pariksha) combines disease analysis with a deep examination of each individual. This means that your treatment is tailored to your individual needs.
From an Ayurvedic approach, the human body and mind are already equipped with the required intelligence and energy to restore balance to the whole system. The Ayurvedic Physician will identify the cause of the imbalance and then focus on treatment that will strengthen the healthy elements inherent in every body and support the body’s self-reparation. This is done to restore patients to their unique balance where the three elements of body, mind and soul are aligned.