The Doshas

Doshic Theory.

 

A brief understanding of the Pancha Mahabhuta.

*Gunas of the Pancha Mahabhuta.

 

 

The Senses & The Elements.

 

 

Jnanendriya

(Sensory Faculties).

 

 

Sensory Organs

 

Karmendriyas

(Faculties of Action)

 

Motor Organs

 

Tanmatras

(Objects of the Senses)

 

 

Maha Bhuta

(Elements)

 

Hearing

 

Ears

 

Speech

 

Vocal Cords

 

Shabdha (Sound)

 

Ether

 

 

Tactile Perception

 

 

Skin

 

Giving & Receiving

 

Hands

 

Sparsha (Touch)

 

Air

 

Vision

 

Eyes

 

Walking

 

Legs

 

Rupa (Form)

 

 

Fire

 

Taste

 

 

Tongue

 

Procreation

 

Genitals

 

Rasa (Taste)

 

 

Water

 

Smell

 

Nose

 

Excretion

 

Excretory Organs

 

Gandha (Odour or Smell)

 

 

Earth

 

 

Tri-Dosha

*Attributes of Vata, Pitta & Kapha.

 

 

Vata

 

 

Pitta

 

Kapha

 

Dry

Light

Cold

Rough

Subtle

Mobile

Clear

 

 

Hot

Sharp

Light

Liquid

Mobile

Oily

 

Heavy

Slow/Dull

Cold

Oily

Liquid

Slimy/Smooth

Dense

Soft

Static

Sticky/Cloudy

Hard

Gross

 

Elements of the Tridosha

 

Space + Air

 

 

Fire + Water

 

Water + Earth

 

The Doshas and their Subtypes.

 

 

The Subtypes of Vata.

 

 

Subtype

 

Governing Element

 

Primary Sites

 

Functions

 

Direction

 

Prana

 

 

Ether

 

Head, Brain

 

Purana: to fill the space

 

Downward, Inward

 

Udana

 

Air

 

Diaphragm, Throat

 

Udvahana: moves upwards

 

Upward

 

Samana

 

Fire

 

Small Intestine, Navel

 

Viveka: isolation, separation, splitting

 

Linear

 

Apana

 

Earth

 

Colon, Pelvic Cavity

 

Dharana: holding

 

Downward, Outward

 

Vyana

 

Water

 

Heart, Whole Body

 

Praspandanam: pulsation, throbbing

 

Circular

 

The Subtypes of Pitta.

 

 

 

Subtype

 

 

Governing Element

 

Primary Sites

 

Functions

 

Pachaka

 

Fire

 

Small Intestine, Stomach

 

 

Digestion, absorption and assimilation of foods

 

Ranjaka

 

Water

 

Liver, Spleen, Intrinsic Factor in Stomach

 

 

Produces bile, liver enzymes; gives colour to blood

 

Sadhaka

 

Ether

 

Brain (grey matter), Heart

 

Conscious thinking and emotion; comprehension

 

Alochaka

 

 

Air

 

Eyes

 

Maintains iris colour, visual perception

 

Bhrajaka

 

Earth

 

Skin

Maintains skin colour, texture, and temperature; stereognosis

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Subtypes Of kapha.

 

 

 

Subtype

 

 

Governing Element

 

Primary Sites

 

Functions

 

Kledaka

 

Fire

 

Stomach Gastro, Intestinal Tract

Gastric Secretions; Digestion and absorption; nourishes rasa

 

Avalambaka

 

Air

Lungs, Pleural Cavity; Heart, Respiratory Tract, Spine

Support; Holds emotions; supports all kapha systems

 

Bodhaka

 

Water

 

Oral Cavity

Salivary secretions; taste; swallowing; speech

 

Tarpaka

 

Earth

Brain (white matter); Myelin Sheath, Cerebrospinal Fluid

Subconscious thinking and emotions; memory

 

Shleshaka

 

Ether

 

Joints

Lubricates joints (synovial fluid); nourishes bones

 

 

The Twenty Attributes.

 

 

  • COLD/HOT                       (Shita/Ushna)
  • OILY/DRY                       (Snigdha/Ruksha)
  • HEAVY/LIGHT                 (Guru/Laghu)
  • GROSS/SUBTLE              (Sthula Suksma)
  • DENSE/LIQUID              (Sandra/Drava)
  • STABLE/MOBILE            (Sthira/Chala)
  • DULL/SHARP                 (Manda/Tikshna)
  • SOFT/HARD                   (Mridu/Kathina)
  • SLIMY/ROUGH              (Slakshna/Khara)
  • CLOUDY/CLEAR            (Picchila/Vishada)

 

If one attribute or quality is unlike another it tends to reduce it, for instance black pepper is hot, dry and light and is the opposite of cold, dense or liquid and will therefore reduce the liquid or mucous (Kapha) quality in the body. The elements from which the three doshas arise increase or decrease in the body according to what types of food and environment we subject our selves to and are not limited to the physical elements of the body. The thoughts and emotions have there own qualities and can effect the doshas.

 

 

  • · HOT. Hot is the primary attribute of Pitta thus attribute increases the Pitta dosha but decreases Vata and Kapha dosha.
  • · COLD has the effect of decreasing Pitta but increasing the Kapha and Vata dosha.
  • · WET tends to increase Kapha because the Kapha dosha is composed of water and earth. It decreases Vata (air/ether) and mildly decreases Pitta (fire/water).
  • · DRY. The attribute of dryness relates to air thus increases the Vata (wind) dosha but decreases the Kapha dosha and mildly decreases Pitta.
  • · HEAVY relates to earth and water thus increases Kapha (earth/water) decreases Vata and mildly decreases Pitta.
  • · LIGHT is related to air, ether and fire. It greatly increases Vata and increases Pitta moderately and decreases Kapha.
  • · GROSS is related to earth and water. Gross increases Kapha, decreases Vata (strongly) and decreases Pitta (moderately).
  • · SUBTLE relates to fire air and ether and thus increases Vata (strongly) and Pitta Moderately. It decreases Kapha
  • · DENSE has its primary attribute in earth. Dense being related to earth is heavy thus increases Kapha but decreases Vata and Pitta.
  • · FLOWING or liquid is related to water and fire. It increases Pitta, decreases Kapha (Moderately) and Vata (strongly).
  • · MOBILE or FAST is related to the element of air and also to fire. It increases Vata (strongly), Pitta (moderately) and decreases Kapha.
  • · STATIC or SLOW is related to the elements of earth and water. It increases Kapha, decreases Vata (strongly) and Pitta (moderately).
  • · DULL or “resistance” is related to the elements of earth and water. It increases Kapha, decreases Vata (strongly) and Pitta (moderately).
  • · SHARP is related to the elements of fire, air and ether. The penetrating sharpness of the element of fire increases Pitta (strongly), Vata (moderately) and decreases Kapha.
  • · SOFT is related mainly to the element of water. It increases Kapha (strongly), Pitta (moderately) and Vata (strongly).
  • · HARD is related to the elements of air (which dries earth and makes it hard) and earth. It increases Vata and decreases pitta (moderately) and Kapha strongly.
  • · SMOOTH is related to the element of water. It increases Kapha (strongly), Pitta (mildly) and decreases Vata.
  • · ROUGH is related to the elements of air and earth. It increases Vata, decreases Pitta (mildly) and Kapha (strongly).
  • · CLEAR and LIGHT is related to the elements of fire, air and ether. It increases Vata (strongly), Pitta (moderately) and decreases Kapha.
  • · CLOUDY, DARK is related to the elements of water and earth. It increases Kapha and decreases Vata and Pitta.