The Srotas

 

The Srotas – Cahnnels of Circulation.

 

The doshas of the body, Vata, pitta and kapha move from one part of the body to another via channels called srotamsi (pleural). The largest srotas (singular) or channel is the Maha Srotas or gastrointestinal tract (Maha – large or great). The smallest srotamsi can be found in single cells in the body that under the microscope reveal that they are porous. Through these porous channels or srotamsi oxygen and nutrients can be absorbed and waste products like carbon dioxide can be expelled.  So the srotamsi or channels in the body act like paths or roadways transporting blood and sensory information, absorbing nutrients and expelling waste products from the body.

Each srotas has a sroto mula (root), a sroto marga (passage) and sroto mukha (mouth or opening).

 

Srotas

Mula

Marga

Mukha

Anna Vaha

Esophagus & fundus

Gastrointestinal tract

Ileocecal valve

Prana Vaha

Left chamber of heart

Respiritory tract & bronchial tree

Nose

Ambhu Vaha

Pancreas (Kloma)

Gastrointestinal mucous membrane

Kidneys (Vrukkau) Tongue (Jihva) Sweat glands (Roma kupa)

Rasa Vaha

Right Chamber of heart & ten great vessels

Venous & lymphatic systems

Arteriole venous junction in capillaries

Rakta Vaha

Liver & spleen

Arteriole circulatory system

Arteriole venous junction

Mamsa Vaha

Tendons, skin & embryological mesoderm.

Muscle system

Pores of the skin

Meda Vaha

Omentum & adrenals

Subcutaneous fat tissue

Sweat glands

Asthi Vaha

Pelvic Girdle & sacrum

Skeletal system

Nails & hair

Majja Vaha

Brain, spinal cord, joints & junction between dhatus

Central, sympathetic & parasympathetic nervous systems

Synaptic space

Sukra Vaha

Testicles & nipples

Vas deferens, epidymis, urethra, prostate & urinogenital tract

Urethral opening

Artava Vaha

Ovaries & aeriole of the nipples

Fallopian tubes, uterus, cervical canal & vaginal passage (yoni)

The labia (yoni oshtha)

Rajah Vaha

Ovaries & womb

Endometrium, cervical canal & vaginal passage

Vagina

Stanya Vaha

Lactation glands

Lactiferous ducts

Nipple

Purisha Vaha

Cecum, rectum & sigmoid colon

Large intestine

Anal orifice

Mutra Vaha

Kidneys

Urethra & bladder

Opening of urethra

Sweda Vaha

Sweat glands

Sweat ducts

Pores of the skin & sweat glands under the skin

Mano Vaha

Heart and sensory pathways

Whole body

Sense organs & marma points

 

Four Types of Sroto Dushti.

A structural or functional defect of the srotas or channel is called sroto dushti or obstruction of the srotas or channel. If the srotas is flowing naturally it is in a state of health. Disease begins if the srotas becomes imbalanced or obstructed. The obstruction of the srotas is classified under four types

 

Sanga

Accumulation/stagnation

Cold, constipation

Atipravrutti

Excessive flow

Diarrhoea, haemorrhage

Vimarga Gamana

Overflow

Fistula, pleurisy

Sira Granthi

Swelling, dilation

Tumour, growths, varicose veins

 

 

The Srotas – Function & Vitiation.

 

Name & Function.

Controlling Organ.

Causes of Vitiation.

Signs & Symptoms.

 

Anna vaha Srotas.

 (Carrying food which is taken from outside).

Stomach.

Untimely food, excessively large quantities of food, unwholesome food, less power of digestion.

Loss of appetite (Anorexia, indigestion, vomiting).

Prana vaha Srotas.

(Carrying vitality & breath).

Heart & Alimentary tract.

Wasting, suppression of natural urges, intake of un-unctuous food, exercise whilst hungry.

Long, restricted, shallow & frequent breathing. (Asthma is connected with this).

Ambhu vaha Srotas.

(Carrying water, fluid part of body).

Palate, Pancreas.

Exposure to heat, indigestion, excess alcohol, intake of excessively dry food and excessive thirst.

Dryness of palate, lips, tongue and throat.

Rasa vaha Srotas.

(Carrying chyle, lymph & plasma).

Heart and ten vessels connected with the heart.

Worry, intake of excessively heavy, cold and un-unctuous food.

Anorexia, nausea, heaviness, drowsiness, fainting, anaemia, impotency.

Rakta vaha Srotas.

(Carrying blood, especially haemoglobin fraction of blood).

Liver, spleen.

Irritant, hot and unctuous food, excessive exposure to sun and fire.

Obstinate skin diseases, bleeding, abscesses, inflammation in the anus and genital organs.

Mamsa vaha Srotas. (Carrying ingredients of muscle tissue).

Tendons, ligaments, skin.

Sleeping immediately after meals, frequent intake of heavy and gross food.

Granuloma, Myoma, Piles, Uvulitis, Goitre, Adenitis, Tonsillitis, many cancer types as well as non- malignant growths.

Medo vaha Srotas.

(Carrying ingredients of fat tissue).

Kidneys, Omentum, (fat tissue in abdomen).

Lack of exercise, day sleep, (suppresses enzymes & digestion), excessively fatty food, alcohol).

Obstinate urinary disorders, including diabetes.

Asthi vaha Srotas.

(Carrying nutrient ingredients for bone tissue).

Hipbone.

Excessive exercise involving friction of bones, intake of vatika type of food (food producing vayu).

Cracking nails and teeth, pain in bones, change in hair (because hair is excreta of asthi).

Majja vaha Srotas.

(Carrying nutrients ingredients of marrow).

Bones, joints.

Contradictory (incompatible) food, injury to bone marrow by crushing, compression etc. Incompatible foods: for instance fish and milk or honey in hot drinks.

Pain in joints, giddiness fainting, loss of memory, blackouts, also deep abscesses.

Sukra vaha Srotas.

(Carrying semen and ovum and nutrient ingredients for these.

Testicles,

Sex at improper time, unnatural sex, suppression or excess of sex.

Impotency,

Artava Vaha Srotas

(Carrying semen and ovum and nutrient ingredients for these.

ovary.

Sex at improper time, unnatural sex, suppression or excess of sex.

Infertility, abortion defective pregnancy.

Rajah Vaha Srotas.

(Female reproduction)

Womb

Spicy food, alcohol, excessive sex

Endometriosis, fibroids, excessive menses/bleeding, no menses, infertile

Stanya Vaha Srotas.

(Lactation)

Breast, lacrymal ducts

Malnourished, incompatible food, emotions

Lack of breast milk, mastitis, bad taste/odour of breast milk

Purisha Vaha Srotas.

(Faecal circulation)

Colon

Unnecessary enema, anal sex, dry foods, alcohol, tenismus

Constipation, incontinence, piles, anal fissure/fistula

Mutra vaha Srotas.

(Carrying urine).

Kidneys, bladder.

Food, drinks and sex during urge for micturition, suppression of urge for micturition, especially by those suffering from wasting. 

Excessive quantities or no urine. Frequency of urination, thick urine.

Sweda vaha Srotas.

(Carrying Sweat).

Fat tissue, hair follicles.

Excessive exercise, anger, grief, fear, exposure to heat.

Absence of or excessive perspiration. Roughness of skin. Horripilation (hair erection) burning sensation in skin.

Mano Vaha Srotas

(Channel of the mind)

Whole body

Un-processed thoughts, nightmares, head injuries, lack of sleep, emotions

Hallucinations, forgetfulness, depression, lack of co-ordination