The srotas or channels of circulation

Home » The srotas or channels of circulation
The Srotas
Sroto Dushti
Srotas – Function & Vitiation
The Srotas

The Srotas (Channnels of circulation)

The doshas of the body, Vata, pitta and kapha move from one part of the body to another via channels called srotamsi (pleural). The largest srotas (singular) or channel is the Maha Srotas or gastrointestinal tract (Maha – large or great). The smallest srotamsi can be found in single cells in the body that under the microscope reveal that they are porous. Through these porous channels or srotamsi oxygen and nutrients can be absorbed and waste products like carbon dioxide can be expelled. So the srotamsi or channels in the body act like paths or roadways transporting blood and sensory information, absorbing nutrients and expelling waste products from the body.
Each srotas has a sroto mula (root), a sroto marga (passage) and sroto mukha (mouth or opening).
Anna VahaEsophagus & fundusGastrointestinal tractIleocecal valve
Prana VahaLeft chamber of heartRespiritory tract & bronchial treeNose
Ambhu VahaPancreas (Kloma)Gastrointestinal mucous membrane Kidneys (Vrukkau) Tongue (Jihva) Sweat glands (Roma kupa)
Rasa VahaRight Chamber of heart & ten great vesselsVenous & lymphatic systemsArteriole venous junction in capillaries
Rakta VahaLiver & spleenArteriole circulatory systemArteriole venous junction
Mamsa VahaTendons, skin
& embryological mesoderm
Muscle systemPores of the skin
Meda VahaOmentum & adrenalsSubcutaneous fat tissueSweat glands
Asthi VahaPelvic Girdle & sacrumSkeletal system Nails & hair
Majja VahaBrain, spinal cord, joints & junction between dhatusCentral, sympathetic & parasympathetic nervous systemsSynaptic space
Sukra VahaTesticles & nipplesVas deferens, epidymis, urethra, prostate & urinogenital tractUrethral opening
Artava VahaOvaries & aeriole of the nipplesFallopian tubes, uterus, cervical canal & vaginal passage (yoni)labia (yoni oshtha)
Rajah VahaOvaries & wombEndometrium, cervical canal & vaginal passageVagina
Stanya VahaLactation glandsLactiferous ducts Nipple
Purisha VahaCecum, rectum & sigmoid colonLarge intestine Anal orifice
Mutra VahaKidneys Urethra & bladderOpening of urethra
Sweda VahaSweat glands Sweat ductsPores of the skin & sweat glands under the skin
Mano VahaHeart and sensory pathwaysWhole bodySense organs & marma points
Sroto Dushti

Four Types of Sroto Dushti

SangaAccumulation/stagnationCold, constipation
AtipravruttiExcessive flow Diarrhoea, haemorrhage
Vimarga GamanaOverflow Fistula, pleurisy
Sira GranthiSwelling, dilationTumour, growths, varicose veins
A structural or functional defect of the srotas or channel is called sroto dushti or obstruction of the srotas or channel. If the srotas is flowing naturally it is in a state of health. Disease begins if the srotas becomes imbalanced or obstructed. The obstruction of the srotas is classified under four types
Srotas – Function & Vitiation

The Srotas – Function & Vitiation

Name & FunctionControlling OrganCauses of VitiationSigns & Symptoms
Anna vaha Srotas.
(Carrying food which is taken from outside)
StomachUntimely food, excessively large quantities of food, unwholesome food, less power of digestion
Loss of appetite (Anorexia, indigestion, vomiting)
Prana vaha Srotas.
(Carrying vitality & breath)
Heart & Alimentary tractWasting, suppression of natural urges, intake of un-unctuous food, exercise whilst hungryLong, restricted, shallow & frequent breathing. (Asthma is connected with this)
Ambhu vaha Srotas.
(Carrying water, fluid part of body)
Palate, PancreasExposure to heat, indigestion, excess alcohol, intake of excessively dry food and excessive thirstDryness of palate, lips, tongue and throat
Rasa vaha Srotas.
(Carrying chyle, lymph & plasma)
Heart and ten vessels connected with the heartWorry, intake of excessively heavy, cold and un-unctuous foodAnorexia, nausea, heaviness, drowsiness, fainting, anaemia, impotency
Rakta vaha Srotas.
(Carrying blood, especially haemoglobin fraction of blood).
Liver, spleen.Irritant, hot and unctuous food, excessive exposure to sun and fireObstinate skin diseases, bleeding, abscesses, inflammation in the anus and genital organs
Mamsa vaha Srotas. (Carrying ingredients of muscle tissue)Tendons, ligaments, skinSleeping immediately after meals, frequent intake of heavy and gross foodGranuloma, Myoma, Piles, Uvulitis, Goitre, Adenitis, Tonsillitis, many cancer types as well as non- malignant growths
Medo vaha Srotas.
(Carrying ingredients of fat tissue)
Kidneys, Omentum, (fat tissue in abdomen)Lack of exercise, day sleep, (suppresses enzymes & digestion), excessively fatty food, alcohol)Obstinate urinary disorders, including diabetes
Asthi vaha Srotas.
(Carrying nutrient ingredients for bone tissue)
HipboneExcessive exercise involving friction of bones, intake of vatika type of food (food producing vayu)
Cracking nails and teeth, pain in bones, change in hair (because hair is excreta of asthi)
Majja vaha Srotas.
(Carrying nutrients ingredients of marrow).
Bones, jointsContradictory (incompatible) food, injury to bone marrow by crushing, compression etc. Incompatible foods: for instance fish and milk or honey in hot drinksPain in joints, giddiness fainting, loss of memory, blackouts, also deep abscesses
Sukra vaha Srotas.
(Carrying semen and ovum and nutrient ingredients for these.
TesticlesSex at improper time, unnatural sex, suppression or excess of sexImpotency
Artava Vaha Srotas
(Carrying semen and ovum and nutrient ingredients for these.
ovarySex at improper time, unnatural sex, suppression or excess of sexInfertility, abortion defective pregnancy
Rajah Vaha Srotas (Female reproduction)
WombSpicy food, alcohol, excessive sexEndometriosis, fibroids, excessive menses/bleeding, no menses, infertile
Stanya Vaha Srotas (Lactation)Breast, lacrymal ducts Malnourished, incompatible food, emotions Lack of breast milk, mastitis, bad taste/odour of breast milk
Purisha Vaha Srotas (Faecal circulation)ColonUnnecessary enema, anal sex, dry foods, alcohol, tenismusConstipation, incontinence, piles, anal fissure/fistula
Mutra vaha Srotas (Carrying urine)Kidneys, bladderFood, drinks and sex during urge for micturition, suppression of urge for micturition, especially by those suffering from wasting
Excessive quantities or no urine. Frequency of urination, thick urine
Sweda vaha Srotas.
(Carrying Sweat)
Fat tissue, hair folliclesExcessive exercise, anger, grief, fear, exposure to heatAbsence of or excessive perspiration. Roughness of skin. Horripilation (hair erection) burning sensation in skin
Mano Vaha Srotas
(Channel of the mind)
Whole bodyUn-processed thoughts, nightmares, head injuries, lack of sleep, emotionsHallucinations, forgetfulness, depression, lack of co-ordination