About Ayurveda
The Doshas

Tri - doshas & the corresponding senses & elements

Tri - doshas & the corresponding senses & elements

Maha Bhuta
(Elements)
Jnanendriya
(Sensory Faculties)
Sensory Organs Karmendriyas
(Faculties of Action)
Motor Organs Tanmatras
(Objects of the Senses)
Ether Hearing Ears Speech Vocal cords Shabda (sound)
Air Tactile Perception Skin Giving & receiving Hands Sparsha (Touch)
Fire Vision Eyes Walking Legs Rupa (Form)
Water Taste Tongue Procreation Genitals Rasa (Taste)
Earth Smell Nose Excretion Excretory organs Gandha (Colour)

Qualities of the tri-dosha

Qualities of the tri-dosha

Qualities of Vata dosha Qualities of Pitta dosha Qualities of Kapha dosha
Dry Hot Heavy
Light Sharp Slow/Dull
Cold Light Cold
Rough Liquid Oily
Subtle Mobile Liquid
Mobile Oily Slimy/Smooth
Clear Dense
Soft
Static
Sticky/Cloudy
Hard
Gross

Elements of the Tri Dosha

Elements of the Tri Dosha

Elements of Vata Dosha Elements of Pitta Dosha Elements of Kapha Dosha
Space + Air Fire + Water Water + Earth

5 Sub-Types of Vata

5 Sub-Types of Vata

Subtype Governing Element Primary Site Functions Direction
Prana Ether Head & Brain Purana – To fill the space Downward – Inward
Udana Air Diaphragm – Throat Udvahana – moves upwards Upward
Samana Fire Small Intestine – navel Viveka – Isolation – separation – splitting apart Linear
Apana Water Colon – pelvic cavity Dharana – holding Downward – outward
Vyana Earth Heart and whole body Praspandanam – pulsation and throbbing Circular

5 Sub-Types of Pitta

5 Sub-Types of Pitta

Subtype Governing Element Primary Sites Functions
Pachaka Fire Small Intestine – Stomach Digestion – absorption and assimilation of foods
Ranjaka Water Liver, Spleen – Intrinsic Factor in Stomach Produces bile, liver enzymes – gives colour to blood
Sadhaka Ether Brain (grey matter) – Heart Conscious thinking and emotion; comprehension
Alochaka Air Eyes Maintains iris colour, visual perception
Bhrajaka Earth Skin Maintains skin colour, texture, and temperature; stereognosis

5 Sub-Types of Kapha

5 Sub-Types of Kapha

Subtype Functions Primary Sites Governing Element
Kledaka Fire Stomach Gastro – Intestinal Tract – Gastric Secretions Digestion and absorption – nourishes rasa
Avalambaka Air Lungs, Pleural Cavity – Heart, Respiratory Tract, Spine Support – Holds emotions – supports all kapha systems
Bodhaka Water Oral Cavity Salivary secretions; taste – swallowing – speech
Tarpaka Earth Brain (white matter) – Myelin Sheath, Cerebrospinal Fluid Subconscious thinking and emotions – memory
Shleshaka Ether Joints Lubricates joints (synovial fluid) – nourishes bones

Twenty attributes of the Tri-Dosha

Twenty attributes of the Tri-Dosha

COLD/HOT (Shita/Ushna)
OILY/DRY (Snigdha/Ruksha)
HEAVY/LIGHT (Guru/Laghu)
GROSS/SUBTLE (Sthula Suksma)
DENSE/LIQUID (Sandra/Drava)
STABLE/MOBILE (Sthira/Chala)
DULL/SHARP (Manda/Tikshna)
SOFT/HARD (Mridu/Kathina)
SLIMY/ROUGH (Slakshna/Khara)
CLOUDY/CLEAR (Picchila/Vishada)